Inspired by Sandy Millin’s blog post of almost the same name:
The copier in one building requires a login to operate and breaks often. The one in the next building doesn’t. This turns out to be the most consequential piece of information in the entire community college system.
SLOs, whatever they are, are crucial. One of those words (like コマ koma in Japanese university) that everyone knows and treats as incredibly important but never appears anywhere in any training literature. From what I gathered at staff meetings for the first few months I was working here, SLOs are things that the state regards as even more important than grades and you have to give a special test for, but are often curiously at odds with what everyone you know actually thinks you should be doing. If you’re wondering what SLO stands for, that’s another of the things that nobody explains.
Students may be using computers for the first time. This being 2018, most of them know how to use a smartphone, but when it comes to using a computer, your students may sometimes make you feel like a desktop publishing teacher from 1993. Each convenience afforded by LMS like Canvas comes with even more class time devoted to how to use it and an even yawning-er generation gap separating the college-age students from the parents and grandparents. Here are a few of the misunderstandings I’ve run across:
- Double spacing does not mean hitting enter twice every line (a classic)
- A 2 page essay does not need to be 2 separate MS Word files
- “Here” on the Internet means “click here and then follow more instructions”, not “post your homework as a comment on the announcement”
- Contrary to the rules of good design in most other media, an essay should have a ton of text on the page, no curly borders and no colorful sidebars
- Emailing an essay as the text of that email makes it very hard to tell if you followed MLA format (this was more common in Japan)
- Turnitin.com’s similarity scores are more convincing than your assurance that you totally didn’t copy (and on a related note, and this is an area of genuine interest for me, the phrase “in contrast with” is not plagiarism even if copied from the Internet, while non-idiomatic non-chunk 3-word phrases definitely are. It’s probably not obvious to students why this should be true).
The air conditioner is the seat of power. Aside from the copier, no device has held the power to completely ruin the atmosphere (literally and figuratively (is “atmosphere” meaning “ambience” not literal?)) of a class like the air conditioner. I’m a believer in Dogme and conversation classes; a broken projector is like a golden opportunity. The AC on the other hand has both physical and psychological power over the students. The physical power is obvious, although you might not expect the difference between 73 and 76 degrees to produce such epic ranges of comfort in your students. The psychological power is what really threatens to tear your class apart, though, as students challenge each other for the right to sit near the AC controls and take up the responsibility or opportunity to choose who is comfortable and who is not. This was a problem for me last semester, and I eventually had to make a rule that only I can touch the AC controls, and later that I would only listen to AC-related requests once per hour.
Classroom facilities may be new-ish or may need exorcism. Back in Japan my university had one wi-fi router per floor (of 10 or so classrooms that fit 50 or so people each), projectors that rejected all input like a stubborn grammar-translator, and chalk boards. Here in California some of my classrooms have remote desktop workstations which seem like a good idea in theory, some have decades of accumulated teacher skin cells on the teachers’ keyboards and mice (mouses?), and some have large, space-taking file cabinets on which sticky notes declare the entire contents to be the property of another adjunct. Many of the classrooms and facilities are also modern and easy-to-use, but almost all of them have no white board markers within a 5-km radius. Part of the job is being prepared for whatever type of classroom, with its random array of functioning and non-functioning equipment, you will be working in.
The classroom phones might not be able to dial outside lines. The aforementioned generation gap sometimes plays out in older students not doing coursework that is presented online, not being able to login, and sometimes not being able to reach you or be reached through electronic means. You may need to call these students to ask why they haven’t shown up in a week, but you probably don’t want to use your personal number for this, leading you to pick up the classroom phone. But surprise, these only call on-campus extensions. There is a rumor that a phone in one of the break rooms can call outside, but nobody knows which one.
Students can’t access the LMS from China. In ESL, students sometimes have emergencies (or just plan their vacations rather poorly) and have to fly off in the middle of the semester for a week. This wouldn’t be as much of a problem if one country in particular didn’t block access to most of the Internet by default. Your students in China will be even more out of touch than you might expect while they’re gone.
Finals week doesn’t stop the parking lot from having a lot of cars in it. The rest of the world doesn’t care that you have a test. People will have tailgate parties in the parking lot while students 20 feet away in the classroom are struggling to distinguish between “felt” and “failed” on a listening test.
Teaching in society
The meaning of your job depends on the society you live in. JALT, the main language teachers’ professional organization in Japan, is full of worldly types who are accustomed to being automatic social deviants due to simple demographics. They take a job that is stereotyped as unskilled yet impossible for Japanese people to do (native-speakerism in a nutshell) and try to find some professional pride in it by taking it ostentatiously seriously. To most people in Japan, a university English teacher (at least a “native speaker” teacher) is half exotic transplant and half effete intellectual, and JALT members seem to take both of these identities on board – even the Japanese ones. In California, ESL teaching at community college or university, which nominally requires the same qualifications as teaching university in Japan, seems to carry none of the same connotations. Here, the job seems to be defined half by peace love and understanding and half by grammar pedantry. I know a few teachers here who enjoy getting into the relationship between explicit and implicit knowledge, but the public face most ESL teachers put forward seems to be “I’m here to heal the world through adjective clauses”.
(Remember in Homeland when Carrie briefly quits the CIA and becomes an ESL teacher as part of her emotional healing? It seems a lot more plausible now.)
Adjuncts need to balance attention with time. Back when I was the owner of my school, I started each workday 10 feet from where I was going to be teaching all of my classes, with all my materials, board games, books, and office supplies close by. It was easy to imagine making custom materials for each of my classes, if not each student, and spend some time reading stuff that was turned in afterward, as there were few official hoops I had to spend time pushing them through. Now, if I need to use any office supplies or the copier I need to leave 90 minutes before my first class rather than 60, and the class after that might be in another city. The time spent creating custom materials needs to be weighed against the time you’ll definitely need to take later checking them (especially if you made them open-ended, as I really, really love to do) and the possibility you’ll have to re-write them in coming semesters if they are too topical, not to mention the time they’ll take away from grading essays and answering add/drop request emails. The point is, being a good teacher used to seem like simply a matter of having the best practices and applying them individually with each student and each situation. Now, it seems like a matter of having the best practices that you can apply in 20 minutes maximum.
The 405 is the very worst of LA and Orange Counties. The 405 and the 5 both go through Orange County, where I work, as do a few others. Although I’ve been spending hours a week on both of them, I haven’t seen a major accident on the 5, while the 405 has accidents (including a crashed plane once) nearly every time I’m on it. The 405 seems to have a perfect equilibrium of BMW-driving golems of entitlement, raised pickup trucks with custom rims that are more mobile advertisements for Limp Bizkit than modes of transportation, and Teslas which, like BMWs, seem to require the deposit of your frontal lobe to lease. All of those exist on the 405 along with streams of normal people who are by some odious force only active on that freeway made to want to fill any space in front of the cars on either side of you at every opportunity.
It’s also name-dropped in my favorite SNL sketch ever.
Teaching in the classroom
Students come to play a role. One of the first realizations you come to teaching English in Japan is that people who are regarded as “good learners” come to class looking to engage with the content silently in their own heads, not to interact with you in real time. Back in the US, students from different backgrounds all have their own versions of what a “good student” and a “responsible teacher” look like. ESL classrooms often feel like everyone’s been handed a different script that happens to have the same setting and characters.
Students react differently to your attempts to address affective issues. A corollary of the above is that your attempts to “fix” students’ apparent reticence, overparticipation, or misunderstanding itself may have meaning to them that further affects how they see you and the class. A stereotypical example from Japan is “NEST grows exasperated at quiet students -> NEST gives exasperated entreaty to PLEASE TALK -> Students now regard NEST (Native English Speaker Teacher) an overemoting foreigner”. A slightly more advanced version is “Students don’t cooperate in NEST’s class -> NEST copies Japanese discipline styles -> Students are discouraged because NEST is no longer authentically a NEST to them”. The general outline of addressing affective issues in the US is to give students more individual attention, more focus on them as unique people with unique stories, and overall more interaction, which may all be felt as bizarrely chummy and unprofessional. Some students react how you might imagine to the teacher basically trying to fix what’s broken by breaking it even more – addressing mismatched expectations by going even further from the expected teacherly behavior – by withdrawing even more from the class.
You need to share. When I was a school owner, I mostly just shared my students with public school teachers who had radically different objectives and methods than I did. Here, I have a group of students for about 4 months, before and after which they’ve studied or will study with another teacher. Their other teachers may be very Focused on FormS, very project-oriented, or take a much more holistic view of education than even I do, and I can’t very well spend time bashing other methods to create buy-in for the ones we’ll be using in my class. This sounds obvious, but in eikaiwa, naming your house method, putting it in all of your fliers and on your website (a whole discussion in itself), and doing your best to set yourself apart from other forms of English education is simply a matter of survival. Self-promotion (including things like blogging) has very little role to play in the community college system unless you’re trying to get classes at a new school or trying to move into a full-time job. Likewise, your materials and methods are no longer what separate your school from your competitors, but ways for you to ensure students taking the same class from other teachers aren’t having too radically different an experience. For the same reason, you need to steal from your colleagues as much as possible, and the students will be better for it.